Regardless of the controversy around the numbers of leadership definitions, leadership has a significant relationship with power and management. At the first glance, it is not easy to distinguish the leadership from management and power. People tend to link them tightly together. In fact, they are not the same although they relate together.
According to Yukl, George, and Jones (2009), power is classified into two different types, positional and personal power. Management is a leading process and leadership is an influence on others in that process. Leaders should be able to differentiate the power, management, and leadership although power is an absolute capacity of one to motivate and influence others (Yukl et al., 2009). Leadership, besides, involves with how to instrument that power, influencing the subordinates in order to execute the strategic decisions and implementations successfully. Both positional power and personal power provides business leaders and managers a tool to impel their followers and subordinates. However, the effect of each type is not the same. Positional power includes legitimate, reward, coercive, information, and ecological powers while the personal power is referred within referent and expert power (Yulk et al., 2009). Positional power develops an authority and enforcement. Personal power creates the positive image and healthy inspiration. In addition, both positional and personal power interacts to each other in a complex ways. I strongly believe that both are equally important for a leader who exercises his power and his leadership.
Bedeian and Hunt (2006) distinguished manager and leader by looking into the differences of their attitudes towards their goals, their relationship with others, their views of self, and their conceptions of work. Manager looks into the final productivity and result, but leader cares about objectives and strategies (Yukl et al., 2009). A good manager should show a leadership skill to influence and motivate others for the expected results, but a great leader does not need to be a manager. Leadership is a subset of the concept of management (Bedeian & Hunt, 2006), by the way.
Bedeian, A. G., & Hunt, J. G. (2006). Academic amnesia and vestigial assumptions of our forefathers. Leadership Quarterly, 17(2), 190–205.
Yukl, G., George, J. M., & Jones, G. R. (2009). Leadership: Building sustainable organizations (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). New York: Custom Publishing.