Ethics and morals respectively have its own meaning although, superficially, they are related and referred to the good or the bad. Ethics “is simply describing how people behave” (Perle, 2004). However, the ethics at workplace are usually referred to trust, loyalty, and respect. Any organization, small or large, has developed their rules, regulations, policies, and procedures to protect the integrity of the business process and the moral and ethical values of the employees. The relationship between the policy and the procedure somehow forms an ethical norm. “Ethics as practice implies an openness to accept and discuss ethical dilemmas that are eschewed by adiaphorization”(Clegg, Kornberger, & Rhodes, 2006, p. 117). Therefore, the step towards more ethically informed management of an organization is to promote the acceptance and discussion of ethical dilemmas.
To promote all these ethical and moral discussions into practice, leaders of an organization need to show the transparency in every business transactions and a proper communication from the top down. Information that is effectively shared closes the gap between department’s activities and enables employees to be in harmony with business strategic directions. Unethical dilemma used to occur within employees’ hiring processes, promotion, salaries, bonuses, and contract and procurement process. It is responsibility of a leader to promote a transparency in these processes. Contract and procurement should be simple, clear, and complied with the regulations. The hiring process should follow the standards in which job descriptions are developed for the position, not for an individual.
Business ethics and moral in an organization should be initiated by leaders and managers and then maintained by all employees. Velamuri and Dew (2009) considered business ethics consists of two goals, “one directed at modifying the norms and conventions under which business is transacted, the other at modifying the behavior of organizations through a modification in the behavior of individuals” (p. 116). Employees must treat each other in a manner that preserves integrity and displays a steadfast adherence to a high ethical standard in which good character and moral principles are exhibited. Head of Human Resources department should be a person who can keep the integrity of the process and should not be influenced by any in practicing his/her duty.
All of these suggestions are responsibility of an organization leaders whoever can prove the effective leadership.
Clegg, S., Kornberger, M, & Rhodes, C. (2007). Business ethics as practice. Bristish Journal of Management, 18, 107-122.
Perle, S. (March 11, 2004). Morality and Ethics: An introduction. Dynamic Chiropractic, 22 (6).
Velamuri, S. R., & Dew, V. (2009). Evolutionary process, moral luck, and the ethical responsibilities of the manager. Journal of Business Ethics, 91, 113-126.